Investigating the Impact of Emotional Intelligence on Academic Performance of Engineering Students: An Exploratory Study in Pakistan

A. Fakhar, M. Jahanzaib, M. H. Sarfraz, M. Shafiq, A. Rizwan

Abstract


Emotional intelligence (EI) has become one of the leading predictors of human success in professional,
personal and academic life. This study investigates the influence of emotional intelligence and its four
domains (self-awareness, self-management, social-awareness, and social-management) on academic
performance (AP) of engineering students. The data for this research has been collected through a
structured questionnaire from 350 students of public and private sector engineering universities of
northern Punjab Pakistan. The results from analysis of variance (ANOVA) and correlation statistics
supports the developed hypotheses by indicating positive influence of emotional intelligence on academic
performance. Furthermore, senior students are found to be more emotionally intelligent than junior
students. Also, the public sector engineering universities provide better environment for the promotion
of emotional intelligence as compared to private universities. However, the level of emotional
intelligence both at public and private universities needs to be improved. This study also provides a
framework for improving emotional intelligence of students.


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