Evaluation of Garlic Genotypes for Yield and Yield Components in Islamabad, Pakistan Environment


  • H. Khan HRI, NARC, Islamabad
  • M. M. Hussain NARC, Islamabad
  • G. Jellani NARC, Islamabad
  • S. Tariq NARC, Islamabad
  • T. Naseeb NARC, Islamabad
  • S. Mahmood NARC, Islamabad


Seven different cultivars of garlic (Allium sativum L.) were evaluated for yield and yield parameters at the vegetable program (HRI), National Agricultural Research Council (NARC) Islamabad in 2014-15 and 2015-16.Yield parameters like survival %age, no of leaves/plant, plant height, no. of cloves/bulb, avg. bulb weight and fresh yield were recorded. In both years, it was observed that Cultivar “NARC-G1” gave the best survival (100%), minimum and wider leaves/plant (10), average plant height (38.2 cm), minimum cloves (8.3) per bulb and comparatively larger bulbs, maximum bulb weight (126.6 gm) and maximum fresh yield (25.6 t/ha), followed by Cultivar “ Italian”, which gave (22.4 t/ha), while Cultivar “Lehson Gulabi” was noted at the bottom and gave (15.2 t/ha).Hence, “NARC-G1” cultivar could be utilized in term of better yield and as well as industrial use for value addition purposes.

Author Biographies

H. Khan, HRI, NARC, Islamabad

Vegetable Crop Research Program

M. M. Hussain, NARC, Islamabad

Vegetable Crop Research Program, HRI

G. Jellani, NARC, Islamabad

Vegetable Crop Research Program, HRI

S. Tariq, NARC, Islamabad

Fruit Crop Research Program, HRI

T. Naseeb, NARC, Islamabad

Vegetable Crop Research Program, HRI

S. Mahmood, NARC, Islamabad

Vegetable Crop Research Program, HRI


M. M. Abou El-Magd, T. El-Shourbagy and S. M. Shehata, “A Comparative Study on the Productivity of Four Egyptian Garlic Cultivars Grown Under Various Organic Material in Comparison to Conventional Chemical Fertilizer”, Australian J. Basic and Applied Sci., vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 415-421, 2012.

S. Al-Otayk, M. I. Motawei and M. Z. El-Shinawy, “Variation in productive characteristics and diversity assessment of garlic cultivars and lines using DNA markers”, J. Meteorology, Environ and Arid land Agric. Sci., vol. 20, no. 1, 2009.

S. J. Sterling & D. R. Eagling, “Agronomics and allicin yield of Australian grown garlic (Allium sativum)”, 2nd Int. Symp. on Edible Alliaceae, vol. 555, pp. 63-73, 1997.

G. M. Volk and D. Stern, “Phenotypic characteristics of ten garlic cultivars grown at different North American locations”, Hort Science, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 1238-1247, 2009.

D. I. Adekpe, J. A. Y. Shebayan, U. F. Chiezey and S. Miko, “Yield responses of garlic (Allium sativum L.) to oxadiazon, date of planting and intra-row spacing under irrigation at Kadawa, Nigeria”, Crop protection, vol. 26, no. 12, pp. 1785-1789, 2007.

R. A. Ennes, “Detection and measurement of selection: genetic and ecological approaches. Plant population genetics, breeding and genetic resources”, Sinavar Association Inc., Lunderland, Massachusetts, pp. 252-257, 1990.

U. C. Pandy and J. Sing, “Performance of new varieties of Garlic (Allium Sativum L.)”, Department of Vegetable Crops, Haryana Agricultural University, J. Res. Hisar, India, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 69-70, 1989.

H. Khan, A. Khan, Derawadan, M. Khan and A. Majeed, “Environmental effect on garlic genotypes for yield and yield components in Swat Valley”, Sarhad J. Agric, vol. XIII, no. 4,

pp. 357-361, 1997.

S. Chen, X. Shen, S. Cheng, P. Li Du, J., Y. Chang and H. Meng, “Evaluation of garlic cultivars for polyphenolic content and antioxidant properties”, PLoS One, vol. 8, no. 11, pp. 79730, 2013.

G. P. Ferguson, G. E. Coats, G. B. Wilson & D. R. Shaw, “Post emergence control of wild garlic (Allium vineale) in turfgrass”, Weed Technol, vol. 6, pp. 144-148, 1992.

Fruit, Vegetables and Condiment Statistics of Pakistan, 2014-15.

FAO Stat. http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC 2104.

D. R. Sood, V. Chokar, J. Singh, “Studies on growth, pungency and flavour characteristics of five varieties of garlic (Allium sativum L.) bulbs during development”, Veg. Sci., vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 180-184, 2000.

H. S., Abdel-Razzak, G.A. El-Sharkawy, “Effect of biofertilizer and humic acid applications on growth, yield, quality and storability of two garlic (Allium sativum L.)cultivars”, Asian J. Crop Sci, vol. 5, pp. 48-64, 2013.

H. StavelIkova, “Morphological characteristics of garlic (Allium sativum L.) genetic resources collection – Information”, HortSci (Prague), vol. 3, pp. 130–135, 2008.

S. J. Noorbakhshian, S. A. Mousavi and H. R. Bagheri, “Evaluation of agronomic traits and path coefficient analysis of yield for garlic cultivars”, J. Pajouhesh and Sazandegi, vol. 77, pp. 10-18, 2006.

D. R. Panthee, H. N. Regmi, P. P. Subedi, S. Bhattarai, J. Dhakal, “Diversity analysis of garlic (Allium sativum L.) germplasms available in Nepal based on morphological characters”, Genet. Resour. Crop Evol., vol. 53, pp. 205–212, 2006.

F. Aala, U. K. Yusuf, R. Nulit and S. Rezaie, “Inhibitory effect of allicin and garlic extracts on growth of cultured hyphae”, Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, vol. 17, no. 3, 150–154, 2014.

G. Figliuolo, V. Candido, G. Logozzo, V. Miccolis and P. S. Zeuli, “Genetic evaluation of cultivated garlic germplasm (Allium sativum L. and A. ampeloprasum L.)”, Euphytica, vol. 121, no. 3, pp. 325-334, 2001.

N. S. Hussein, H. M. El-Saeid and E. A. Omer, “Development of growth and yield of some lines of Chinese garlic”, Egypt. J. Hort., vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 19-23, 1995.

E. A. Omer, and A. F. Abou-Hadid, “Evaluation of some lines of Chinese garlic comparing with balady cultivar”, Egypt. J. Hort., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 17-20, 1992.

S. Nourbakhshian, S. A. Mousavi and H. R. Bagheri, “Evaluation of agronomic traits and path coefficient analysis of yield for garlic cultivars”, Pajouhesh-Va-Sazandegi, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 10-18, 2008.

Anon, “The Chemistry of Garlic: The Determination of the Pyruvic Acid Content of Garlic Tissue Homogenates”; www.garilcworld. co.uk. 2006.




How to Cite

H. Khan, M. M. Hussain, G. Jellani, S. Tariq, T. Naseeb, and S. Mahmood, “Evaluation of Garlic Genotypes for Yield and Yield Components in Islamabad, Pakistan Environment”, The Nucleus, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 22–26, May 2018.