Effect of Carbon Nanotubes on Mechanical Properties of Honeycomb

M. Shifa, F. Tariq, R.A. Baloch


The present research paper discusses the effects of addition of carbon nanotubes on mechanical properties of hybrid honeycomb sandwich structure for high-tech applications. Hybrid honeycomb sandwich structure consists of aluminum honeycomb core sandwiched between multiscale (MWCNTs/CF) reinforced epoxy composite facing. Multiscale facing was fabricated through hand layup method followed by compression molding and curing. The sandwich panels were prepared through vacuum bagging technique and cured in oven. Three point bend test and compression test were performed to evaluate the mechanical performance of sandwich panels. Flat-wise tensile test was performed to assess the bonding strength between core and facing. Quasi-static indentation test was conducted to assess the ability of sandwich panel against low velocity impact. Neat honeycomb sandwich panel was also prepared via similar process but without MWCNTs addition for reference. A comparative study has been made between both sandwich materials. Results depict that compressive strength and flexural stiffness has been improved by 21% and 28% respectively by the addition of 0.2% MWCNTs in comparison to neat sandwich panel. Energy absorption capability of CNT-filled sandwich panel was also enhanced by 10% with reference to neat sandwich panel.

Full Text:



A.B. Chmielewski, A. Das, C. Cassapakis, D. Allen, W.J. Schafer, J. Sercel, F. Deligiannis, M. Piszczor, P.A. Jones, D.M. Barnett, S. Rawal and T. Reddy, "The New Millennium Program power technology [space power]," IECEC 96. Proceedings of the 31st Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, Washington, DC, vol.4, pp. 2193-2198, 1996.

G. Bianchi, Structural performance of spacecraft honeycomb panels, PhD Thesis, University of Southampton, UK, 2011.

A. Boudjemai, R. Amri, A. Mankour, H. Salem, M.H. Bouanane, and D. Boutchicha, Modal analysis and testing of hexagonal honeycomb plates used for satellite structural design, Mater. Des., vol. 35, pp. 266-275, March, 2012.

A. Boudjemai, A. Mankour, H. Salem, R. Amri, R. Hocine, and B. Chouchaoui, Inserts thermal coupling analysis in hexagonal honeycomb plates used for satellite structural design, Applied Thermal Engineering vol. 67, 352-361, 2014.

R. Amri and D. Gibbon, In orbit performance of butane propulsion system, Adv. Space Res., vol. 49, 648-654, 2012.

S. Ryan, K. Schaefer, R. Destefanis and M. Lambert, A ballistic limit equation for hypervelocity impacts on composite honeycomb sandwich panel satellite structures, Advances in Space Research, vol. 41, no. 7, pp. 1152-1166, 2008.

F. Schafer, R. Destefanis, S. Ryan, W. Riedel and M. Lambert, Hypervelocity impact testing of CFRP/Al honeycomb satellite structures, Proc. of the 4th European Conference on Space Debris (ESA SP-587), 18-20 April 2005, Darmstadt, Germany.

H.K. Cho and J. Rhee, Vibration in a satellite structure with a laminate composite hybrid sandwich panel, Compos. Struct., vol. 93, 2566-2574, 2011.

G. Bianchi, G.S. Aglietti and G. Richardson, Static performance of hot bonded and cold bonded inserts in honeycomb panels, J. Sandw. Struct. Mater., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 5982, 2010.

K. Kantha Rao, K. Jayathirtha Rao, A.G. Sarwade and M.S. Chandra, Strength Analysis on Honeycomb Sandwich Panels of different Materials, Int. J. Eng. Res. Appl. (IJERA), vol. 2, pp. 365-374 May-Jun, 2012.


  • There are currently no refbacks.