LIQUID PHASE SYNTHESIS OF ETHYL TERT-BUTYL ETHER FROM ETHANOL AND TERT-BUTYL ALCOHOL USING MACROPOROUS AND GELULAR ION EXCHANGE RESIN CATALYSTS

Authors

  • M. Umar Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan
  • A. R. Saleemi Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan
  • B. Saha Department of Chemical Engineering, Loughborough University, LE11 3TU, Leicestershire, U.K

Abstract

Ethyl tert-Butyl Ether (ETBE) synthesis using ethanol (EtOH) and tert-butyl alcohol (TBA) was studied under atmospheric pressure conditions with different macroporous and gelular ion exchange resin catalysts. The catalysts used were Purolite® (CT-124, CT-145H, CT-151, CT-175, CT-275) and Amberlyst-15 and 35, all in H+ form. All catalysts were employed for ETBE synthesis under identical conditions and suitable catalyst was decided on the basis of conversion and selectivity. Among the catalysts studied, CT-124 produced the best results and was used for further studies. Effect of temperature, feed molar ratio of reactants and catalyst loading was studied and the optimum conditions found were: 343 K temperature, 1:2 feed mole ratios and 5 % catalyst loading. Kinetic modeling was performed using various heterogeneous reactions models and it was found that Quasi-Homogeneous model represented the system more adequately.

References

rences

B. Yang, S. Yang and R. Yao, Reactive and

Functional Polymers 44 (2000) 167.

B. H. Bisowarno and M. O. Tade, Industrial

and Engineering Chemistry Research 39

(2000) 1950.

C. Fite, M. Iborra, J. Tejero, J. F. Izquierdo

and F. Cunnil, Industrial and Engg. Chem.

Res. 33, (1994) 581.

M.G. Sneesby, M.O. Tade´, R. Datta and

T.N. Smith, Industrial and Engineering

Chemistry Research 36 (1997) 1855.

M. Matouq, A. T. Quitain, K. Takahashi and

S. Goto, Industrial and Engineering

Chemistry Research 35 (1996) 982.

X. Yin, B. Yang and S. Goto, International

Journal of Chemical Kinetics 27 (1995) 1065.

A. Quitain, H. Itoh and S. Goto, Journal of

Chemical Engineering, Japan 32 (1999) 280.

S. Assabumrangrat, W. Kiatkittipong, N.

Sevitoon, P. Praserthdam and S. Goto, Inter.

J. of Chemical Kinetics 34 (2002) 292.

S. Assabumrangrat, D. Wongwattanasate, V.

Pavarajarn, P. Praserthdam, A. Arpornwichanop and S. Goto, Korean Journal of

Chemical Engineering 21, No. 6 (2004) 1139.

M.Umar, A R. Saleemi and S. Qaiser,

Catalysis Communications 9 (2008) 721.

B.G. Kyle, Chemical and Process Thermodynamicsâ€, 3rd Ed. Prentice Hall PTR, 270,

M. B Cutlip and M. Shacham, “Problem

Solving in Chemical Engineering with

Numerical Methodsâ€, Prentice Hall

International Series, 77 (1999) 357.

Downloads

Published

29-06-2020

How to Cite

Umar, M., Saleemi, A. R., & Saha, B. (2020). LIQUID PHASE SYNTHESIS OF ETHYL TERT-BUTYL ETHER FROM ETHANOL AND TERT-BUTYL ALCOHOL USING MACROPOROUS AND GELULAR ION EXCHANGE RESIN CATALYSTS. The Nucleus, 46(3), 101–107. Retrieved from http://thenucleuspak.org.pk/index.php/Nucleus/article/view/933

Issue

Section

Articles