Prospect Generation Studies of Cretaceous Sands, Khipro Area by Integrating Seismic and Well Data

U. Shakir, M. Hussain, M. F. Mahmood, M. R. Amjad, W. A. Zafar, S. Mehmood, Z. U. Abideen, A. R. Tahir, M. Haroon


Khipro block is located in southern Indus Basin, Pakistan. Khipro area possesses good hydrocarbon
potential, which is confirmed by several oil and gas discoveries in this area. This research paper is
focused to delineate the subsurface structures favorable for hydrocarbon accumulation and remaining
reservoir potential through integrated seismic structural analysis and petrophysical interpretation of
Naimat Basal-01 and Siraj South-01 wells. Seismic structural interpretation confirms the normal
faulting, in which elevated horst blocks are providing suitable trap for hydrocarbon accumulation.
Mapping at Basal and Massive Sands level revealed that the existence of two compartments at reservoir
level. The southwestern compartment is relatively shallower and has a great potential for future
hydrocarbon explorations, as compared to northeastern compartment. Low shale volumes, good porosity
values and high hydrocarbon saturation prove Massive Sands as a good reservoir in both wells.

Full Text:




S.M. Shuaib, “Investigation of prospecting areas and horizons of oil and gas in Pakistan”, Geol. Bull. Punjab Univ., vol. 16, pp. 37- 42, 1981.

N. Ahmad, P. Fink, S. Sturrock, T. Mahmood and M. Ibrahim, “Sequence stratigraphy as predictive tool in Lower Goru Fairway, Lower and Middle Indus Platform, Pakistan”, Pakistan Association of Petroleum Geoscientists, Annual Technical Conference, pp. 85-104, 2004.

I.B. Kadri, “Petroleum geology of Pakistan, sedimentary basins and their evolution”, Pakistan Petroleum Limited, 1995.

A. Ahmad and N. Ahmad, “Paleocene petroleum system and its significance for exploration in the southwest Lower Indus Basin and nearby offshore of Pakistan”, Proceedings of Annual Technical Conference, Islamabad, Pakistan, pp. 1-22, November 28-29, 2005.

R.S. Yeats and A. Hussain, “Timing of structural events in the Himalayan foothills of northwestern Pakistan”, Geological Society of America Bulletin, vol. 99, pp. 161-176, 1987.

A.H. Kazmi and M.Q. Jan, “Geology and Tectonics of Pakistan. Graphic Publishers, Karachi”, Pakistan, pp. 554, 1997.

H.A. Raza, S.M. Ali and A. Riaz, “Petroleum Geology of Kirthar Sub-Basin and Part of Kutch Basin Pakistan”, Journal of Hydrocarbon Research, vol. 1, pp. 29-73, 1990.

S.M. Mozzaffar, M. Wasimuddin and S.M. Sayeed, “Zaur Structure, A complex trap in a poor seismic data area”, British Petroleum Pakistan, SPE. 2004, no. 2-8. Petro-consultants, 1996. Petroleum Exploration and Production Digital Database: Petro-consultants, Inc., Houston, TX 77274-0619, U.S.A, 2002.

A.M. Khan, R. Ahmed, H.A Raza and A. Kemal, “Geology of petroleum in Kohat-Potwar depression, Pakistan”, American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Bulletin 9, pp. 44-51, 1986.

M.R. Khan, M. Iqbal, A. Ahmad, G. Murtaza and W.A. Khan, “An integrated approach for assessment of Lower Goru Reservoir quality in western part of Badin Area, Lower Indus Basin, Pakistan”, PAPG/SPE Annual Technical Conference, Islamabad, Pakistan, 2013.

T.M. Jaswal, R.J. Lillie and R.D. Lawrence, “Structure and evolution of the northern Potwar deformed zone, Pakistan”, AAPG Bull., vol. 81, pp. 308- 328, 1997.

A.H. Kazmi and L.W. Snee, “Geology & Tectonics of Pakistan”, 1989.

M. Wasimuddin, I.A.K. Jadoon, W. Weihua, S. Akhtar and C.C. Ebdon, “Integration of image logs in the structural analysis of the Zaur Field, Lower Indus Basin, Pakistan”, PAPG/SPE Annual Technical Conference, Islamabad, Pakistan, 2005.

I.B. Quadri, “Petroleum Geology of Pakistan”, Pakistan Petroleum Limited, Karachi, Pakistan, pp. 212, 1986.

R. Afzal, S.M. Ali and J. Ahmed, “Review of petroleum occurrence and prospects of Pakistan with special reference to adjoining basins of India, Afghanistan and Iran”, Pakistan Journal of Hydrocarbon Research, vol. 6, pp. 7-18, 2009.

S.M.I. Shah, “Stratigraphy of Pakistan”, Geological Survey of Pakistan Memoirs, vol. 12, pp. 138, 1977.

C. Chapman, “Fundamentals of seismic wave propagation”, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

M. Bacon, R. Simm and T. Redshaw, “3-D Seismic Interpretation”, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2003.

M.E. Badley, "Practical seismic interpretation", IHRDC Publishers, Boston, USA, pp. 66, 1985.

G. Asquith and D. Krygowski, “Basic well log analysis: AAPG methods in exploration”, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA, American Association of Petroleum Geologists, vol. 16, pp. 31-35, 2004.


  • There are currently no refbacks.