TRACE ELEMENTS ANALYSIS OF CROPS AND VEGETABLES GROWN AROUND INDUSTRIAL AREAS OF FAISALABAD AND GUJRANWALA CITIES USING INAA AND AAS

S. N. Husaini, Mati Ullah, M. Akram, J. H. Zaidi, K. Subhan

Abstract


Industrial effluents pollution is a source of risk to the health of people living in industrial cities of Pakistan. Most of the untreated effluents are discharged to the nearby agricultural fields that pollutes the vegetation grown in such soil. A majority of the industries are not equipped with suitable recycling and effluent treatment plants. Consequently, toxic metals enter our food chain and results in significant health risks and serious diseases. In order to evaluate the concentration of toxic metals (namely As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sb and Se), in crops and vegetable samples collected from the irrigated areas of Faisalabad and Gujranwala regions. Neutron activation analysis (NAA) and atomic absorption spectrometric (AAS) techniques have been used. All the observed metal concentrations were higher than the reported literature values. Moreover, the highest values of toxic metals of As (0.44±0.03 µg/g) and Co (0.5±0.01 µg/g), Mn (45.3±2.0 µg/g) and Sb (0.1±0.01 µg/g), Se (1.28±0.06 µg/g) and Pb (3.84±0.27 µg/g) were found in tomato, bitter gourd and rice samples respectively.

Full Text:

PDF

References


R.G. Kakar, M. Yasinzai, A.U. Salarzai and

M.H. Nasir, The Environ. Monitor V (2005)

M.S. Saeed, The Environ. Monitor IV

(2004)12.

M.A. Javaid, M.T. Yamin and M. Iqbal, J.

Eng. & Appl. Sci. 20 (2001) 64.

Pakistan Environmental Protection Act-97 for

National Environmental Quality Standards

(NEQS), The gazette of Pakistan (1997).

S.M. Hasany, The Nucleus 37 (2000) 187.

K. Ahmad, The Environ Monitor II (2002) 21.

S.A. Ahmad and R. Rizvi, The Environ.

Monitor III (2003) 21.

S. Ara, The Environ. Monitor II (2002) 14.

S.N. Husaini, F. Malik, E.U. Khan, S. Karim

and M. Sajid, The Nucleus 38 (2001) 59.

B. Singh and A.K. Singh, Radiat. Meas. 39

(2004) 431.

M. Ahmad, M. Hussain and M. Shafique, The

Nucleus 38 (2001) 215.

S. Waheed, N. Siddique, A. Rehman, J.H.

Zaidi and S. Ahmad, J. Radioanal. Nucl.

Chem. 260 (2004) 523.

G. Nabi, M. Ashraf and M.R. Aslam, Sci.

Tech. Develop. 20 (2001) 32.

G. Murtaza, A. Ghafoor, M. Qadir, M.K.

Rasheed, Proceedings of National Seminar

on ‘Drainage in Pakistan,” MUET, Jamshoro,

Pakistan (2000) p.177-182.

M. Qadir, A. Ghafoor and G. Murtaza,

Proceedings of Pak. Acad. Sci. 36 (1999)

W.D. Ehmann and D.E. Vance, J. Radioanal.

Nucl. Chem. 203 (1996) 429.

F.U. Rehman, A. Adil, A. Abdullah, S.R.

Masood and T.A. Agha, Proc. NSMTCC 97

on Environmental Pollution, Islamabad,

Pakistan (1997) p. 201-207.

S.J. Khurshid, S. Waheed, S. Ahmad and I.H.

Qureshi, J. Med. Sci. 15 (1999) 225.

D. L. Winegardner, An Introduction to Soil for

Environmental Professionals (1995) 147,

Lewis Publishers, New York.

B. Welz and M. Sperling, Atomic Absorption

Spectrometry, 3rd Revised Ed., Wiley-VCH,

New York (1999).

G. Gilmore and J. Hemingway, Practical

Gamma-ray Spectrometry, John Wiley &

Sons, New York (2004)

I.H. Qureshi, A. Mannan, J.H. Zaidi, M. Arif

and N. Khalid, Int. J. Environ. Anal. Chem. 38

(1990) 566.

S. Waheed, J.H. Zaidi and S. Ahmad, J.

Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 258 (2003) 73.

S. Waheed, J.H. Zaidi, S. Ahmad and M.

Saleem, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 254

(2002) 597.

K. Masud and M. Jaffar, J. Chem. Soc. Pak.,

(1997) 49.

K. Masud and M. Jaffar, J. Chem. Soc. Pak.

(1998) 186.

S.M. Al-Jabori, R.K. Itawi, M. Jalil, A. Saad

and Kh.E. Ali, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 159

(1992) 29.

M. Saleem, S.A. Hussain, A. Maqsood and

M. Jaffar, Pak. J. Sci. Ind. Res. 30 (1987) 5.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.